Quantum computing, a technology that allows for simultaneous calculations at speeds unfathomable to traditional computers, is moving from the realm of theoretical science to a near-future reality.
A computer solving a mouse maze is a perfect example of how quantum computing can look at everything at once. Instead of in a series of bits that are either on or off (1 or 0 state), it processes qubits (on and off simultaneously).
Check out the difference in speed of solving:
With today’s computers, deciphering a strong 14 character+ password through trial and error can take millions of years (reference the chart below to see how your current password stacks up to hackers).
Quantum computing changes the timeline for cracking today’s encryption. By exponentially increasing processing speed, quantum computers could break the most advanced passwords and keys commonly used today in mere minutes.
Experts predict that within 4 years, quantum computers could outperform conventional systems in specific tasks, posing unprecedented threats to cybersecurity in industries as vital as banking and logistics.
Quantum computing has limitations in its current state, including its susceptibility to errors and the extreme temperatures required for operation. Yet, it is advancing fast and the potential of this technology to break through existing encryption methods and disrupt critical information infrastructures has put it at the center of strategic discussions.
As the world edges closer to this quantum leap, the race is on to develop new cryptographic techniques and security measures to safeguard against the formidable power of quantum computing.
Combined with A.I., the world is about to change more in the next 20 years than the last 3,000 years combined.